She made me. Then he hangs his cloak and hat on the rack. Mrs Dudgeon dries her eyes and looks up at him. Sistcr : the Lord has laid his hand very heavily upon you. But I do think it hard. What call had Timothy to go to Springtown, and remind everybody that he belonged to a man that was being hanged? Timothy never acknowledged him as his brother after we were married : he had too much respect for me to insult me with such a brother. Would such a sel- fish wretch as Peter have come thirty miles to see Timothy hanged, do you think? Not thirty yards, not he. How- ever, I must bear my cross as best I may : least said is soonest mended.
He may end that way himself, the wicked, dissolute, god- less — [she suddenly stops; her voice fails ; and she asks, with evident dread] Did Timothy see him? He Only saw him in the crowd : they did not speak. Your husband was greatly touched and impressed by his brother's awful death. Anderson breaks off to demand with some indignation] Well, wasnt it only natural, Mrs Dudgeon? He softened towards his prodigal son in that moment. He sent for him to come to see him.
Ycs ; but Richard would not come. He sent his father a message ; but I'm sorry to say it was a wicked message — an awful message. What was it? That hc would stand by his wicked uncle, and stand against his good parents, in this world and the next. He will be punished for it — in both worlds.
That is not in our hands, Mrs Dudgeon. Did I say it was, Mr Anderson? We are told that the wicked shall be punished. Why should we do our duty and keep God's law if there is to be no differ- ence made between us and those who follow their own likings and dislikings, and make a jest of us and of their Maker's word? Well, Richard's earthly father has been merci- ful to him ; and his heavenly judge is the father of us all. If I am against him who has any right to be for him?
I should have asked you before; but I'm so troubled. Thank you. Did Timothy —? In his last hours he changed his mind. I had no power to prevent him giving what was his to his own son. He had nothing of his own. His money was the money I brought him as my marriage portion. It was for me to deal with my own money and my own son.
He dare not have done it if I had been with him ; and well he knew it.
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That was why he stole away like a thief to take advantage of the law to rob me by making a new will behind my back. The more shame on you, Mr Anderson, — you, a minister of the gospel — to act as his accomplice in such a crime. Well, of your disappointment, if you can find it in your heart to think that the better word. My heart! And since when, pray, have you begun to hold up our hearts as trustworthy guides for us? We Act I The Devil's Disciple 1 1 arc told that the heart of man is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked.
My heart belonged, not to Timothy, but to that poor wretched brother of his that has just ended his days with a rope round his neck — aye, to Peter Dudgeon. You know it : old Eli Hawkins, the man to whose pulpit you succeeded, though you are not worthy to loose his shoe latchet, told it you when he gave over our souls into your charge. He warned me and strengthened me against my heart, and made me marry a Godfearing man — as he thought.
What else but that discipline has made me the woman I am? And you, you, who followed your heart in your marriage, you talk to me of what I find in my heart. Go home to your pretty wife, man ; and leave me to my prayers. And whom to forgive, I hope — Eli Hawkins and myself, if we have ever set up our preaching against His law. Just one word — on necessary business, Mrs Dudgeon. There is the reading of the will to be gone through ; and Richard has a right to be present.
He is in the town; but he has the grace to say that he does not want to force himself in here. Hc shall comc here. Does he expect us to leave his father's house for his convenience t Let them all come, and come quickly, and go quickly. They shall not make the will an excuse to shirk half their day's work. I shall be ready, never fear. When did I lose it? Now youre answered.
Yes : I am answered. Then she calls, in her hard, driviiig, wrathful way] Christy. Get up out of that; and be ashamed of yourself — sleeping, and your father dead! I waut nouc of your sulks. Here: help me to set this table. We shall have the minister back here with the lawyer and all the family to read the will before you have done toasting yourself. Go and wake that girl ; and then light the stove in the shed : you cant have your breakfast here. And mind you wash yourself, and make yourself fit to receive the company. Also two green ware plates, on one of which she puts a barnbrack with a knife beside it.
SOCIAL VALUES AND PSYCHOTHERAPY
On th:e other she shakes some biscuits out of a tin, putting back one or two, and counting the rest]. Now mind : there are ten biscuits there : let there be ten there when I come back after dressing myself. And keep your fingers off the raisins in that cake. And tell Essie the same. I suppose I can Act I The Devil's Disciple 1 3 trust you to bring in the case of stuffed birds without breaking the glass?
Thats no answer to make to me, sir. Go and do as youre told. Stop : take down that shutter before you go, and let the daylight in : you cant expect me to do all the heavy work of the house with a great heavy lout like you idling about. Christy takes the window bar out of its clamps, and puts it aside ; then opens the shutter, shewing the grey morning.
Mrs Dudgeon takes the sconce from the mantelshelf; blows out the candle ; extinguishes the snuff by pinching it with her fingers, first licking them for the purpose; and replaces the sconce on the shelf CHRISTY [looking through the window] Here's the minister's wife. Is she coming here? What does she want troubling me at this hour, before I'm properly dressed to receive people? Youd better ask her. She comes after him, plying him with instructions].
Tell that girl to come to me as soon as she's had her breakfast. And tell her to make herself fit to be seen before the people. Nice manners, that! She is pretty and proper and ladylike, and has been admired and petted into an opinion of herself sufficiently favorable to give her a self-assurance which serves her i? She has a pretty taste in dress, and in her face the pretty lines of a sentimental character formed by dreams. Rather a pathetic creature to any sympathetic observer who knows how rough a place the world is.
Can I do anything for you, Mrs Dudgeon? Can I help to get the place ready before they come to read the will? Perhaps you had rather I did not intrude on you j ust now. Oh, one more or less will make no difference this morning, Mrs Anderson. Now that youre here, youd better stay. If you wouldnt mind shutting the door! I must go and tidy myself a bit. I suppose you dont mind stopping here to receive anyone that comes until I'm ready. Leave them to me, Mrs Dudgeon ; and take your time.
Oh, here you are! Mrs Dudgeon takes her roughly by the arm and pulls her round to inspect the results of her attempt to clean and tidy herself — results which shew little practice and less conviction]. Thats what you call doing your hair properly, I suppose. It's easy to see what you are, and how you were brought up. You sit down there in the corner by the fire; and when the company comes dont dare to speak until youre spoken to.
Your father's people had better see you and know youre there : theyre as much bound to keep you from starvation as I am. At any rate they might help. But let me have no chattering and making free with them, as if you were their equal. Do you hear? Well, then go and do as youre told. If she gives you any trouble, just tell me ; and I'll settle accounts with her.
JUDITH [patronizing Essie, and arranging the cake and wine on the table more becomingly] You must not mind if your aunt is strict with you. She is a very good woman, and desires your good too. JUDITH [annoyed with Essie for her failure to be consoled and edified, and to appreciate the kindly condescension of the remark] You are not going to be sullen, I hope, Essie.
Thats a good girl! They wouldnt have anything to do with him : they were too religious. Father used to talk about Dick Dudgeon ; but I never saw him. Essie : do you wish to be a really respectable and grateful girl, and to make a place for yourself here by steady good conduct? Then you must never mention the name of Richard Dudgeon — never even think about him.
He is a bad man. What has he done? You must not ask questions about him, Essie.
You are too young to know what it is to be a bad man. But he is a smuggler ; and he lives with gypsies ; and he has no love for his mother and his family ; and he wrestles and plays games on Sunday instead of going to church. Never let him into your presence, if you can help it, Essie ; and try to keep yourself and all womanhood un- spotted by contact with such men. They are beginning to come. Now remember your aunt's directions, Essie ; and be a good girl.
Good morning, Mr Dudgeon. Will you open the door, please : the people have come. Good morning. The morning is now fairly bright and warm; and Anderson. He is accompanied by Lawyer Hawkins, a brisk, middle aged man in brown riding gaiters and yellow breeches, looking as much squire as solicitor. He and Anderson are allowed precedence as repre- senting the learned professions.
After them comes the family, headed by the senior uncle, William Dudgeon, a large, shape- less man, bottle-nosed and evidently no ascetic at table. His clothes are not the clothes, nor his anxious wife the wife, of a prosperous man. The junior uncle. Hawkins at once goes briskly to the table and takes the chair nearest the sofa, Christy having left the inkstand there.
He Act 1 The Devil's Disciple 17 puts his hat on the fioor beside him, and produces the will. Uncle William comes to the fire and stands on the hearth warm- ing his coat tails, leaving Mrs William derelict near the door. Uncle Titus, zvho is the ladfs man of the family, rescues her by giving her his disengaged arm and bringing her to the sofa, where he sits down warmly between his own lady and his brother's. Anderson hangs up his hat and waits for a word with Judith. She will be here in a moment. Are we all here?
The callousness with which Christy names the reprobate jars on the moral sense of the family. Uncle William shakes his head slowly and repeatedly. Mrs Titus catches her breath con- vulsively through her nose. Her husband speaks. Well, I hopc he will have the grace not to come. I hope so. The Dudgeons all murmur assent, except Christy, who goes to the window and posts himself there, looking out. Hawkins smiles secretively as if he knew something that would change their tune if they knew it.
Anderson is uneasy : the love of solemn family councils, especially funereal ones, is not in his nature. Judith appears at the bedroom door. All rise, except Essie. Mrs Titus and Mrs William produce equally clean handker- chiefs and weep. It is an affectiiig moment]. Would it comfort you, sister, if we were to offer up a prayer? In our hearts we ask a blessing. ALL [except Essie] Amen. Then say it, like a good girl. We know who you are ; but we are willing to be kind to you if you are a good girl and deserve it.
We are all equal before the Throne. This republican sentiment does not please the women, who are convinced that the Throne is precisely the place where their superiority, often questioned in this world, will be recognized and rewarded. Anderson and Hawkins look round sociably. Essie, with a gleam of interest breaking through her misery, looks up. Christy grins and gapes expectantly at the door. The rest are petrified with the intensity of their sense of Virtue menaced with outrage by the approach of flaunting Vice.
The reprobate appears in the doorway, graced beyond his alleged merits by the morning sun- light. He is certainly the best looking member of the family; but his expression is reckless and sardonic, his manner defiant and satirical, his dress picturesquely careless. Only, his fore- head and mouth betray an extraordinary steadfastness ; and his eyes are the eyes of a fanatic. How happy you all look! Well, mother: keeping up appearances as usual? Uncle Titus promptly marks his approval of her action by rising from the sofa, and placing a chair for her to sit down upon'].
Uncle William! I havnt seen you since you gave up drinking. And now, where is that upright horsedealer Uncle Titus? Uncle Titus : come forth. As usual, looking after the ladies! Richard turns to the table]. Ah, Mr Anderson, still at the good work, still shepherding them. Keep them up to the mark, minister, keep them up to the mark. Pastor, for the sake of old times. You know, I think, Mr Dudgeon, that I do not drink before dinner. You will, some day. Pastor : Uncle William used to drink before breakfast.
Come : it will give your sermons unction. But do not begin on my mother's company sherry. I stole some when I was six years old ; and I have been a tem- perate man ever since. By the way, did I hear, or did I not, that our late lamented Uncle Peter, though unmarried, was a father?
He had only one irregular child, sir. Only one! He thinks one a mere trifle! I blush for you, Uncle Titus. Mr Dudgeon : you are in the presence of your mother and her grief. It touches me profoundly. By the way, what has become of the irregular child? Why the devil didnt you tell me that before? Children suffer enough in this house without — [He hurries remorsefully to Essie]. Come, little cousin! Her tear stained face affects him violeiitly ; and he hursts out, in a transport of wrath] Who has been making her cry?
Who has been ill- treating her? I will bear no more of this. Leave my house. How do you know it's your house until the will is read? Ladies and gentlemen : as the eldest son of my late father, and the unworthy head of this household, I bid you welcome. By your leave.
Minister Anderson : by your leave, Lawyer Hawkins. The head of the table for the head of the family. The relatives freeze with horror']. Lawyer Hawkins : business, business. Get on with the will, man. Do not let yourself be ordered or hurried, Mr Hawkins. I will not keep you one second, Mr Dudgeon. Just while I get my glasses — [he fumbles for them. The Dudgeons look at one another with misgiviyig]. They notice your civility, Mr Hawkins. They are prepared for the worst.
A glass of wine to clear your voice before you begin. Thank you, Mr Dudgeon. Your good health, sir. Yours, sir. Essie, who has been hanging on Ins every word and move- ment, rises stealthily and slips out behind Mrs Dudgeon through 2 2 Three Plays for Puritans Act I the bedroom door, returning presently with a jug and going out of the house as quietly as possible. The will is not exactly in proper legal phrase- ology.
No : my father died without the consolations of the law. Good again, Mr Dudgeon, good again. Ready, aye ready. For what we are about to receive, may the Lord make us truly thankful. Go ahead. I hereby revoke all former wills made by me and declare that I am of sound mind and know well what I am doing and that this is my real will according to my own wish and affections. How if she wont have him? She will if I have fifty pounds. Good, my brother. Her own money! A vcry good way to put God's truth. It was every penny my own. Fifty-two pounds a year!
And this is my reward! It cannot be helped, Mrs Dudgeon. We must take what comes to us. Go on, sir. The fatted calf, Minister, the fatted calf. The devil! Are there conditions.? James shall live in clover. Go on. Prodger Feston shall get drunk every Saturday.
You shall have both. Anything more, Mr Hawkins? My mother does not say Amen. Remember, I have his rightful, legal will, drawn up by yourself, leaving all to me. Is it a legal will? The courts will sustain it against the other. But why, if the other is more lawfully worded? Because, sir, the courts will sustain the claim of a man — and that man the eldest son — against any woman, if they can. I warned you, Mrs Dudgeon, when you got me to draw that other will, that it was not a wise will, and that though you might make him sign it, he Act I The Devil's Disciple 25 would never be easy until he revoked it.
But you wouldnt take advice ; and now Mr Richard is cock of the walk. This is the signal for the breaking- up of the party. Anderson takes his hat from the rack and joins Uncle I'Filliam at the fire. Titus fetches Judith her things from the rack. The three on the sofa rise and chat with Hawkins. Mrs Dudgeon,, now an intruder in her own house, stands inert,, crushed by the weight of the law on women, accepting it, as she has been trained to accept all monstrous calamities, as proofs of the greatness of the power that inflicts them, and of her own wormlike insignificance.
For at this time, remember, Mary W oilstone craft is as yet only a girl of eighteen, and her Vin- dication of the Rights of Women is still fourteen years off. Mrs Dudgeon is rescued from her apathy by Essie, who comes back with the jug full of water. She is taking it to Richard when Mrs Dudgeon stops her. How dare you go out by yourself after the orders I gave you? He asked for a drink — [she stops, her tongue cleaving to her palate with terror]. I believe I did.
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Her hand shakes]. I — [She pours out the water]. His mocking expression returns instantly. Mrs Dudgeon being in Essie'' s way as they co? What do they call you? Essie, to be sure. Are you a good girl, Essie? I think so. I mean I — I hope so. Essie : did you ever hear of a person called the devil? Minister : I do not interfere with your sermons : do not you interrupt mine.
They call me the Devil's Dis- ciple. Why do you let them? I was brought up in the other service ; but I knew from the first that the Devil was my natural master and captain and friend. I saw that he was in the right, and that the world cringed to his conqueror only through fear. I prayed secretly to him ; and he comforted me, and saved me from having my spirit broken in this house of children's tears. I promised him my soul, and swore an oath that I would stand up for him in this world and stand by him in the next. From this day this house is his home ; and no child shall cry in it : this hearth is his altar; and no soul shall ever cower over it in the dark evenings and be afraid.
Now [turning forcibly on the rest] which of you good men will take this child and rescue her from the house of the devil? You should be burnt alive. But I dont want to. Havc a care, Richard Dudgeon. In an hour from this there will be no law here but martial law. I passed the soldiers within six miles on my way here : before noon Major Swindon's gallows for rebels will be up in the market place. More than you think. He hanged the wrong man at Springtown : he thought Uncle Peter was respect- able, because the Dudgeons had a good name. But his next example will be the best man in the town to whom he can bring home a rebellious word.
Well, we're all rebels ; and you know it. Yes, you are. You havnt damned King George up hill and down dale as I have ; but youve prayed for his defeat; and you, Anthony Anderson, have conducted the service, and sold your family bible to buy a pair of pistols. They maynt hang me, perhaps ; because the moral effect of the Devil's Disciple dancing on nothing wouldnt help them. But a minister! Would that shew that King George meant business — ha? There is no danger. Long live the devil! Mrs Dudgeon, who is following them] What, mother!
Are you off too? My dying curse!
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Ha ha ha! Have they forgotten to save your soul in their anxiety about their own bodies? Oh yes : you may stay. His left fist, also clenched, hangs down. Essie seizes it and kisses it, her tears falling on it. He starts and looks at it].
The devil's baptism! He stoops goodnaturedly to raise her, saying] Oh yes, you may cry that way, Essie, if you like. To the eye of the eighteenth century New Engiander, it is much grander than the plain farmhouse of the Dudgeons ; but it is so plain itself that a modern house agent would let both at about the same rent. The door, between the fireplace and the corner, has neither panels, fingerplates nor handles : it is made of plain boards, and fastens with a latch.
The table is a kitchen table, with a treacle colored cover of American cloth, chapped at the corners by drap- ing. The tea service on it consists of tzvo thick cups and saucers of the plainest ware, with milk jug and bowl to match, each large enough to contain nearly a quart, on a black japanned tray, and, in the middle of the table, a wooden trencher with a big loaf upon it, and a square half pound block of butter in a crock.
The big oak press facing the fire from the opposite side of the room, is for use and storage, not for ornament; and the minister's house coat hangs on a peg from its door, shewing that he is out ; for when he is in, it is his best coat that hangs there. His big riding boots stand beside the press, evidently in their usual place, and rather proud of themselves.
In fact, the evo- lution of the minister's kitchen, dining room and drawing room into three separate apartments has not yet taken place ; and so. To begin zuith, Mrs Anderson is a pleas ant er person to live with than Mrs Dudgeon. This is true ; but to explain a fact is not to alter it; and however little credit Mrs Anderson may deserve for making her home happier, she has certainly succeeded in doing it. The outward and visible signs of her superior social pretensions are, a drugget on the floor, a plaster ceiling between the timbers, and chairs which, though not upholstered, are stained and polished.
The fine arts are repre- sented by a mezzotint portrait of some Presbyterian divine, a copperplate of Raphael's St Paul preaching at Athens, a rococo presentation clock on the mantelshelf, flanked by a couple of miniatures, a pair of crockery dogs with baskets in their mouths, and, at the corners, two large cowrie shells. A pretty feature of the room is the low wide latticed window, nearly its whole width, with little red curtains running on a rod half way up it to serve as a blind. There is no sofa; but one of the seats, standing near the press, has a railed back and is long enough to accommodate two people easily.
On the whole, it is rather the sort of room that the nineteerith century has ended in struggling to get back to under the leadership of Mr Philip Webb and his disciples in domestic architecture, though no genteel clergyman would have tolerated it flfty years ago. The evening has closed in; and the room is dark except for the cosy flrelight and the di7n oil lamps seen through the window in the wet street, where there is a quiet, steady, zuarm, windless downpour of rain.
As the town clock strikes the quarter, Judith comes in with a couple of candles in earthenware candlesticks, and sets them on the table. Her self-conscious airs of the morn- ing are gone : she is anxious ana frightened. Anderson comes in, wrapped in a very wet cloak. Wait till I get my cloak off. I am not late, am I? The town clock struck the quarter as I came in at the front door. And the town clock is always fast. I'm sure it's slow this evening. I'm so glad youre back. A little. Why, youve been crying. Only a little. Never mind : it's all over now. She starts in terror and retreats to the long seat, listening.
He's return- ing to barracks, or having his roll called, or getting ready for tea, or booting or saddling or something. Soldiers dont ring the bell or call over the banisters when they want anything: they send a boy out with a bugle to disturb the whole town. Do you think there is really any danger? Not the least in the world. You say that to comfort me, not because you be- lieve it. My dear : in this world there is always danger for those who are afraid of it.
There's a danger that the house will catch fire in the night ; but we shant sleep any the less soundly for that. Yes, I know what you always say; and youre quite right. Oh, quite right: I know it. But — I suppose I'm not brave : thats all. My heart shrinks every time I think of the soldiers. Never mind that, dear : bravery is none the worse for costing a little pain. Yes, I suppose so. Thats right. Now you make me happy.
Well, well! I called on Richard Dudgeon on my way back ; but he wasnt in. He was out. He pounced on Peter Dudgeon as the worst character there ; and it is the general belief that he will pounce on Richard as the worst here. Richard said! He said what he thought would frighten you and frighten me, my dear. He said what perhaps God forgive him! It's a terrible thing to think of what death must mean for a man like that.
I felt that I must warn him. I left a message for him. Only that I should be glad to see him for a moment on a matter of importance to himself, and that if he would look in here when he was passing he would be welcome. I did. Oh, I pray that he may not come! Dont you want him to be warned.? He must know his danger. Oh, Tony, is it wrong to hate a blasphemer and a villain.? I do hate him. I cant get him out of my mind : I know he will bring harm with him.
He insulted you : he insulted me : he insulted his mother. The worst sin to- wards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be in- different to them : thats the essence of inhumanity. After all, my dear, if you watch people carefully, youll be sur- prised to find how like hate is to love.
Think of how some of our married friends worry one another, tax one another, are jealous of one another, cant bear to let one another out of sight for a day, are more like jailers and slave-owners than lovers. Think of those very same people with their enemies, scrupulous, lofty, self- respecting, determined to be independent of one another, careful of how they speak of one another — pooh! Oh, dont say that : dont say that, Tony, even in jest. You dont know what a horrible feeling it gives me. He's a bad man ; and you hate him as he deserves. Yes, dear.
No, only — [Someone knocks at the door. With a start which betrays her intense nervousness, she retreats to the further end of the table with the tea caddy and spoon in her hands, exclaiming] Who's that? He wont eat you, whoever he is. He goes to the door and opens it. Richard is there, with- out overcoat or cloak]. You might have raised the latch and come in, Mr Dudgeon. Nobody stands on much ceremony with us. Judith keeps her eyes on the tea caddy].
Is it still raining? Raining like the very [his eye catches Judith's as she looks quickly and haughtily up] — I beg your pardon ; but [shewing that his coat is wet] you see —! Take it off, sir ; and let it hang before the fire a while : my wife will excuse your shirtsleeves. Judith : put in another spoonful of tea for Mr Dudgeon. Are even you civil to me now that I have suc- ceeded to my father's estate? Judith throws down the spoon indignantly. Sit down. I come, sir, on your own invitation. You left word you had something important to tell me. I have a warning which it is my duty to give you.
You are quite safe. His glance softens : he even makes a gesture of excuse. Anderson, seeing that he has tamed him. Mr Dudgeon : you are in danger in this town. What danger? Your uuclc's danger. Major Swindon's gallows. It is you who are in danger. And even if I were in danger, I have duties here which I must not forsake.
But you are a free man. Why should you run any risk? Do you think I should be any great loss. I think that a man's life is worth saving, whoever it belongs to. Anderson returns the bow humorously]. Come : youll have a cup of tea, to prevent you catching cold? I observe that Mrs Anderson is not quite so pressing as you are, Pastor. I know I am not welcome for my own, madam. But I think I will not break bread here, Minister. Because there is something in you that I respect, and that makes me desire to have you for my enemy.
Thats well said. On those terms, sir, I will accept your enmity or any man's. Judith : Mr Dudgeon will stay to tea. Sit down : it will take a few minutes to draw by the fire. I was just saying to my wife, Mr Dudgeon, that enmity — [iS" he grasps his hand and looks imploringly at hi? Well, well, I mustnt tell you, I see ; but it was nothing that need leave us worse friend — enemies, I mean. Judith is a great enemy of yours. The latch is lifted frofn without. Christy comes in. Begone, you fool : Mrs Anderson doesnt want the whole family to tea at once.
Well, does she want to see me? I thought not. She wants to see the minister — at once. I shall cnjoy it more when I come back, dear. The rain's over. At Uncle Titus's. Have you fetched the doctor? No: she didnt tell me to. Go on thcrc at once : I'll overtake you on his doorstep. Wait a moment. Your brother must be anxious to know the particulars.
Richard adds, a little shamefacedly] We shall know soon enough. Well, perhaps you will let me bring you the news myself. Judith : will you give Mr Dudgeon his tea, and keep him here until I return. Richard, noting the quiver of her lips, is the first to pull himself together. Mrs Anderson : I am perfectly aware of the nature of your sentiments towards me.
I shall not intrude on you. Good evening. Dont go : please dont go. You dont want me here. What right have you to say that? Do you expect me to stay after that? Yes : I had rather you did go than mistake me about that. I hate and dread you ; and my husband knows it. If you are not here when he comes back, he will believe that I disobeyed him and drove you away.
RICHARD [ironicallyl Whereas, of course, you have really been so kind and hospitable and charming to me that I only want to go away out of mere contrariness, eh? Stop, stop, stop, I tell you. Dont do that. Need you tear it by being a woman.? Has he not raised you above my insults, like himself? There : thats right. She instantly rises haughtily, and stares at h:i? He at once drops into his usual sardonic tone].
Ah, thats better. You are yourself again : so is Richard. Well, shall we go to tea like a quiet re- spectable couple, and wait for your husband's return? I — I am sorry to have been so foolish. I am sorry, for your sake, that I am — what I am. Allow me. There is a plate and knife laid there.
The otl:er plate is laid near it; Act II The Devil's Disciple 39 but Judith stays at the opposite end of the table, next the fire, and takes her place there, drawing the tray towards her]. Do you take sugar? No ; but plenty of milk. Let me give you some toast. The action shews quietly how well he knows that she has avoided her usual place so as to be as far from him as possible]. Wont you help yourself? You are not eating anything. Neither are you. Please dont mind me. It is all so strange to me.
I can see the beauty and peace of this home : I think I have never been more at rest in my life than at this moment ; and yet I know quite well I could never live here. It's not in my nature, I suppose, to be domesticated. But it's very beautiful : it's almost holy. I was thinking that if any stranger came in here now, he would take us for man and wife. Than the devil's disciple. You are right ; but I daresay your love helps him to be a good man, just as your hate helps me to be a bad one.
My husband has been very good to you. He has forgiven you for insulting him, and is trying to save you. Can you not forgive him for being so much better than you are? How dare you belittle him by putting yourself in his place? Did I? Yes, you did. The English soldiers! Four outside : two in with me. Ingrasci has a strong background in psychiatry, holistic medicine, and community development. To date, more than 5 million children worldwide have participated in the Arts Olympiad and benefitted from the program. She was a professor of sociology at Boston University, chair of the sociology department at Clark University, and a distinguished visiting professor at the College of William and Mary.
Jacobs speaks in low-income elder housing throughout the state of Massachusetts under sponsorship of the Tenants Assistance Program of the Massachusetts Housing Finance Agency. The majority of her audiences are women, as women have longer lives and older women are among the poorest Americans. Over the last three decades, much of his personal and professional work has been focused on conflict resolution within families, communities and across national and cultural boundaries.
He and his wife, Matiniah Yahya are active residents of an intentional Muslim community which is an integral part of a multi-cultural inner-city neighborhood near Masjid Al-Islam in New Haven, CT. D, PH. D, TH. D, has earned doctorates in both Religious Studies and Clinical Psychology, as well as an honorary doctorate from the University of Uppsala in Sweden. Ani Kalayjian is an educator, American Board Certified Expert in Traumatic Stress, logotherapeutic psychotherapist, researcher, and consultant.
He has published in sociology of science history of science, academics as public intellectuals, research ethics, research policy , sociology of organizations knowledge organizations, work environment improvements, workplace democracy , and general social theory theories of modernity, philosophy of science, discourse ethics, Habermas. As a sociologist he insisted that ethics has both to do with the morals of individuals and institutions, and their interplay. In the analysis of the ethos of science, he was interested in the individual and institutional norm of scientific humility.
He served as Ambassador to Sweden from to During this period he was accredited as Ambassador to Finland, Estonia and Latvia. C where he participated in negotiations on political and security issues. The school is a private school that offers education up to the level of graduation. The streams offered are science, commerce and arts. The school has been ranked 6th in the "most respected secondary schools in India" list compiled by the IMRB in He studied law at the University of Kigali, where he obtained his "Licence en Droit.
During the years of war, he joined the Front Patriotique, where he was a journalist with the Radio des Rebelles. AZZA M. Her experience spans the fields of multi-religious collaboration, international gender issues, democratization, human rights, conflict, and political Islam. KARI H. She works on topics such as gender, conflict, and peacebuilding, and watches the political and security situation in Lebanon and Syria. Kaufman works professionally as a writer, public speaker, consultant, and workshop leader on gender relations for governments, corporations, trade unions, universities, schools, and non-governmental organizations, in particular, the United Nations.
He is a founder of the White Ribbon Campaign, the largest effort in the world of men working to end violence against women. He received his Ph. He is recipient of many awards and the author of major publicatzions. He has been teaching and practicing urban design and permaculture, landscape and agricultural planning, coupled with holistic strategies, in Germany since , and recently in special intensive seminars - organized in many countries.
Since then he is on its advisory board and is a member of the World Society of Ekistics since He is founding member of the Permaculture Insitute of Europe, which he chaired until She has published books, articles and reports on community school planning and building, women and architecture, urban ecology, permaculture, money, land and tax systems. His approach centers on finding remedies for social problems, especially finding ways to strengthen the weak in the face of the strong. He works on human rights, international relations, peace, development, and environmental issues, with a special focus on nutrition and children.
He has published 15 books and over articles.
His publications include Indigenous and Cultural Psychology with K. Leung, Y. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S. Yoon, Sage, , Indigenous P sychologies with J. Berry, Sage, She is conversationally fluent in Mandarin Chinese and has been living in Shanghai since Donald C. Klein , Ph. Don is a Psychologist and Behavioral Scientist. After earning a Clinical Psychology Ph.
Don Klein has been one of the first to explicitly examine and write on the humiliation phenomena. He was the Dean of Department of Psychology for several periods. His fields of interest within psychology are communication, media, music, education, and epistemology. His current research projects address music and mass media, as well as education and resistance to learning. Furthermore, Hroar is interested in the theme of civil obedience. He has worked on national and international campaigns on conscious objection to military services.
Before she joined the Kyushu University she had lived in New York City where she received her mediator training and practiced mediation. He has written books and papers on the anthropology and sociology of emotions, on violence and fears in the urban contemporary, and on memory and narratives on fears and shame. Kraybill has developed training programs at conflict resolution centers throughout Africa and North America and has led training seminars in Europe and Asia.
He joined the EMU faculty in Judy Kuriansky, is a clinical psychologist with a Ph. Following the Soviet occupation in the 60's, she immigrated with her family to Israel. In the early 80's, she immigrated to New York with her daughter Anatea and started working in the fashion industry. In the mid 80's, she founded ZUZKA collection and travelled extensively to India, Vietnam, Burma, Ghana, Thailand, and Europe in search of textiles and worked directly with hand weavers and embroiderers who realized her intricate designs.
It has thus also been a life devoted to the uplifting and rehabilitation of Africa and African culture and history [ July 14, , but always with us in our hearts! While Chair of the Department of Psychiatry, Dr. Lazare initiated an entirely new sphere of scholarly activity on the subject of shame and humiliation in medical encounters, an area in which Dr. Lazare is perhaps the national leader.
Freud and religion: sin, Satan and psychoanalysis
His thesis focuses on the medical interview as a tinderbox for shame experiences for both patient and physician. Physicians can be taught to enhance the dignity of patients while minimizing the patient's humiliation. She is President of the Center for Emergent Diplomacy, a non-governmental social-profit organization based in Santa Fe, New Mexico, applying the science of Complex Adaptive Systems to the transformation of diplomatic negotiations and peacebuilding. The Center will be convening and facilitating a gathering of global grass-roots activists and thought leaders in Santa Fe in April, Delegates will meet to scale up direct action campaigns to confront growing inequality and the global economic paradigm that is pushing climate change.
At the University of Florida he has also received four teaching awards. He is particularly interested in narrative theory and analysis, and has written a number of books on Holocaust-related subjects. From to he was co-editor of the Journal of Peace Research. He has carried out field research on conflict in Cyprus and Northern Ireland, as well as experimental studies of strategic thinking. Kevin has more than 35 years experience of varied aspects of development work.
She earned her B. Remembering and Learning , an organisation that aims to further education on the subjects of national socialism, Holocaust and human rights. Marshall, Ph. He has established and until recently directed the Center for Systemic Peace CSP , a not-for-profit social science research enterprise focusing on global systems analysis and, especially, the problem of political violence within the context of complex societal-system development processes.
GLEN T. Maver, Ph. She is an educator and peacebuilder whose keynote is inspiring cooperation on behalf of the common good. Her work in education, politics, and grassroots community organizing is focused on applied peacebuilding and the global call for ministries and departments of peace. He resides in Kigali - Rwanda.
His research interests include stereotypes, group identification, group dynamics, and intergroup conflict, and in recent years he has focused on the psychological foundations of ethnic conflict, genocide, and terrorism. He earned his B. He has studied emotion, human interaction, and culture for over 15 years, and is a recognized expert in this field. With this inventory, and with related seminars, Olivier du Merle assists people in progressing in their professional environment. Olivier du Merle focuses on the sharing point between academic research and its application in the corporate sector and has included the notion of humiliation in his work.
Howard N. Meyer, an independent scholar, is a retired attorney and arbitrator, and former Special Assistant to U. He began writing on civil rights and peace history and related subjects about , part time while still in law practice as an appellate specialist and labor lawyer, full time after retirement as an attorney in Mike Miller, Ph. Throughout his distinguished career, Dr. Mudimbe is a polymathic philosopher, professor, and author of non-fiction books and articles about African culture, poems, and novels.
He has published some seventy articles, three collections of poetry, four novels, and several books in applied linguistics, philosophy, and social science. Mohamed H. Mukhtar received his Ph. From , Dr. She gained her Ph. Major projects include the coordination of international fellows project and program related work for England, Northern Ireland, Rwanda, Colombia, the Czech Republic and South Africa, in addition to outreach for future projects, project development, research and writing, all particularly focused on transitional justice issues Rwanda, South Africa, Northern Ireland, US, Germany are the major case studies.
Arie was born in Munich in Born in in Oslo, and graduated at the University of Oslo in , he then studied in Paris and Vienna. He gained his doctorate in with a thesis that was entitled, Erkenntnis und wissenschaftliches Verhalten. Her areas of interest are theoretical analyses and empirical studies of how variables and factors on societal level influence the individual's development and living situation. She has focused her current work on Personal Leadership because in practicing it, we set the conceptual ideal that leads us forward by formulating and continually refining our vision of ourselves functioning at the peak of our capability, whatever it is currently.
Personal Leadership promotes this evolution as we engage in it and cultivate ourselves as instruments of communication. In he received his Licence in Economics in Fribourg in Switzerland. Later he was trained in various fields including diplomacy, project management, development banking. She is an author, illustrator, translator.
She is the Project Leader and Chair of the International Steering Committee for the Beacon for Freedom of Expression , an international bibliographic data base on censorship and freedom of expression through the ages - a gift from Norway to the new library of Alexandria. She is a global change agent. She is Arctic Queen, an artist who uses her voice for global transformation. As a singer, she draws on the tradition of yoik, chanting, and improvisation. She is also reckoned as one of Scandinavia's most skilled public speakers and lecturers in the field of transformation and is a sought-after coach and communication artist.
Furthermore, Ragnhild is the author of several books, both fiction and non-fiction. As a writer, she works within the genre of "faction" and intertwines academic knowledge with poetic and practical approaches, within psychology, presentation skills, negotiation, and topics related to quality of life Through writing and public lectures on three continents, she has been promoting an economics of personal, social and ecological well-being for four decades.
For this work she was awarded the prestigious Goi Peace prize in He lectures part time to students on the International Certificates and Diplomas of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport His major interest is in re-introducing humanness in action based on the values of Trust, Respect, Love, Unity and Dignity.
From to , he was Head of Department. He is member of the board of numerous research institutes and associations and of several scientific journals Cooperation and Conflict; Journal of Peace Research; Nordiques, etc. In his work, he focuses on basic and applied social psychology, including fields such as social influence, social perception, stereotypes, attribution, attitudes, prejudice, attitude measurement, social identity, cross-cultural psychology, and social psychology in its relation to health.
By training, he is an Economist, having graduated from the University of Western Australia. OTT Michael R. Ott holds a Ph. Owen and Co. His academic background and training centered on the nature and function of myth, ritual and culture. In the middle '60s, he left academe to work with a variety of organizations including small West African villages, urban American and African community organizations, Peace Corps, Regional Medical Programs, National Institutes of Health, and Veterans Administration.
Along the way he discovered that his study of myth, ritual and culture had direct application to these social systems. In he created H. Owen and Company in order to explore the culture of organizations in transformation as a theorist and practicing consultant. Glenn Durland Paige is an American political scientist. Paige is known for developing the concept of nonkilling, his studies on political leadership, and the study of international politics from the decision-making perspective with a case study of President Harry S. Truman's decision to involve the United States in the Korean War. He has specific expertise in critical and creative thinking, conflict resolution, consensus-building and dialogue processes.
He is the director of Citizen Demos an initiative designed to strengthen the values and culture of open and free democratic societies. He also founded Meta-Culture , a thinking and human engagement studio, innovating ways of using conflict and difference to build constructive inter-personal and inter-group relations. Sidney J. As the first and oldest degree granting program in creativity in the world, the foundation of ICSC dates back to Alex Osborn's seminal work in creativity education [ Sidney Parnes and Dr. Barnett Pearce was a teacher, facilitator, and theorist.
He has consulted with communities and organizations, facilitated public and private meetings, and trained professionals in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. Michael L. Perlin is professor emeritus a New York Law School and an adjunct professor at Emory University Law School, specializing in all aspects of mental disability law. An internationally-recognized expert on mental disability law, Michael L. Perlin has devoted his career to championing legal rights for people with mental disabilities. Nossrat Peseschkian, M. Peseschkian is the founder of Positive Psychotherapy since Positive Psychotherapy is based on a psychodynamic concept with a humanistic conception of man and a transcultural approach.
It is a resource-oriented and conflict-centered modality of psychotherapy. He received his B. Then he was a school psychologist in the British tradition, but with emphasis on the clinical rather than on the educational aspects of adjustment. Next he was working in a Child Guidance clinic in Sydney while also being Honorary Psychologist to the major teaching hospital. Podziba is a public policy mediator and is known for designing processes to fit the unique characteristics of given conflicts and situations. Over the past twenty years, she has mediated scores of complex public policy cases in areas involving international relations, governance, environmental disputes, land use and development decisions, transportation planning, labor standards, public health, and education policy.
Gerd Inger studied languages at the University of Bergen and obtained her specialization in television work through internal courses at the NRK. She has particularly focused on the status of women and minorities. His interests are quite broad, spanning metaphysics and ethics to comparative religion and social and political theory. Prosser, Ph. University of Illionis , a founder of the field of intercultural communication in North America, is a Professor Emeritus at the University of Virginia ; the former William A.
JEAN H. Quataert, Ph. Lourdes R. Quisumbing gained her Ph. He lives in Santiago, Chile. He is renowned as "the father" of Solidarity Economics. Retzinger received her Ph. D at UCSB in sociology and she a research sociologist - publications include work on emotions, conflict and mental illness. Now he divides his time between the private practice of law and continuing his research and teaching.
GLYN M. He leads the Global Learning program gl. The ultimate goal of global learning is to prepare graduates for life in a highly diverse, interconnected and interdependent world. Reinaldo Rivera, Jr. The CRS is the federal government's "peacemaker" for community conflicts and tensions arising from differences of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability. He serves on the permanent bilateral commission of the State of Israel and the Holy See as well as the Chief Rabbinate of Israel's delegation for interreligious dialog with the Vatican.
The FT supports UN departments and agencies to work with government officials and their civil society counterparts in divided societies to design and implement strategies for building national and local capacities for conflict prevention and transformation Prior to joining the United Nations, she worked with several international NGOs on anti-apartheid and development issues. LEE ROSS Lee Ross has been a Professor of Psychology at Stanford University for over 30 years and is currently teaching courses in the application of social psychology, as well as in bargaining, negotiation, and conflict resolution.
The author or editor of four books, including Human Inference , and the Person and Situation , both co-authored by Richard Nisbett, and almost papers and chapters, he was elected in to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and was named the American Psychological Association William James Fellow in Professor Rothbart specializes in identity-based conflicts, ethics and conflict, civilians in war, and the Darfur region of Sudan, all of which are subjects that reveal the impact of humiliation on protagonists of violent conflict and the power of respect for their dignity as critical to peacebuilding.
Floyd Webster Rudmin, Ph. His research interests include cognitive history psychology of historical beliefs , psychology of ownership, cross-cultural psychology, statistical methods, peace research, and history of psychology. Until the end of , he was the Director of the Institute for Peace Studies at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina that was founded in He has participated in many international conferences, seminars and meetings, as well as in many television and radio programs.
He has furthermore published articles explaining the Arab point of view on major issues in many French papers as well as the Herald Tribune. His fields of research are social psychology, emotions, mental illness, and new approaches to integrating theory and method. In addition to numerous articles in social and political philosophy, ethics, as well as feminist theory, she is editor with Patricia Smith of Women and the United States Constitution: History, Interpretation and Practice Columbia University Press, Milton Schwebel, Professor Emeritus, is interested in maximizing human development and learning through societal, organizational, and educational change and therapy.
He recently studied well-functioning in professional psychologists and, with UNESCO, the effects of employment on prevention of conflict. He is primarily interested in organizing practices and research that acknowledge the realities of a post-modern or complexity paradigm. He actively seeks out a new paradigm of responsible business, a caring effective state and developing benevolent leaders and organizing practices to institute such a world - this is what he seeks to understand and disclose as his life's work. Shapiro, Ph. Trained in clinical psychology, his research and teaching focus primarily on the role of emotions in negotiation and international conflict management.
Slaven, Ph. He holds a B. Slaven has presented keynote addresses and workshops on leadership and employee development to hundreds of educational and wellness groups throughout the US. He believes strongly in the worth and dignity of all people. He has been the Chair of the Committee on Human Rights, the American Psychiatric Association, and is active in the fields of migration, refugees, violence and human rights. Jan Smedslund is the founder of Psycho-Logic. He is editor of Current Sociology , one of the International Sociological Association's flagship journals, and from to he was Vice-President of the European Sociological Association.
The title of her thesis was On the Psychology of Creativity. Three years of training in Clinical Child Psychology followed, as well as a varied practice with children — in later years her private practice with adults. Somjee is an Ethnographer. His research interests include visual arts and oral cultures in expressions of social values, aesthetics, identities and spiritual beliefs.
He is a member of the Swiss Finance Institute. After some years in industrial research on optical communication technologies he held various positions dealing with marketing, quality management, technology strategy and innovation management at Alcatel-Lucent in Germany and France.
His activities as Director Advanced Technologies included - as a member of a truly global team - mentoring of start-ups and consulting high-tech companies in IT, telecommunication and semiconductor industries from countries all over the world. For many years he has studied the origins of group violence, including genocide and mass killing. In recent years he has studied its prevention, including reconciliation between groups.
Staub also does research on helping behavior and altruism, as well as youth violence. DAN J. He was a founding board member of Search for Common Ground; a founding member and early leader of the Threshold Foundation; and a founding member of the Social Venture Network. PAUL A. The particular focus was the state of social bonds between these groups and the role of shame and humiliation in this conflict.
She teaches communication theories, interpersonal communication, intercultural communication, and intercultural training In October , her course "Intercultural Communication" was nominated as one of the best courses at Aoyama Gakuin University. Summy founded the journal Social Alternatives and continues to serve actively on its editorial collective. The Centre represents the latest extension of peace research and peace education at the University with which he identifies. Kenneth Suslak is a Professor of Clinical Psychology and Interdisciplinary Studies at the Union Institute and University and a Clinical Psychologist for over 35 years with a specialization on the effects of war and oppression on children.
The Center provides research, education and publications in a think tank to support the goals of the United Nations Charter in policy and practice through the harmonization of nations. He is the recipient of the Presidential Award on Republic Day of India, , and has extensive experience of over 30 years in key positions in public, private and not for profit sectors Currently, Henrik Syse is writing of various research articles on the ethics of war and peace, with special attention to the just war tradition. He is planning and conducting seminars and lectures on international ethics and military ethics and editing with Gregory Reichberg a major anthology on classical works of the ethics of war and peace.
The Center for Gender Studies was established in April and offers a new communication space to anyone who is interested in the issues of gender and sexuality. She is a journalist and editor, working with Human Rights and Third World issues, with particular emphasis on women and children. He has been promoting education, research and action for a culture of peace since the mids. He is presently professor emeritus at the University of Montreal, after having occupied the positions of full professor of economics at the University of Montreal, president of the North Economics and Finance Association, president of the Canadian Economics Society, vice president of the International Association of French-speaking Economists and advisor to numerous governments and organizations.
In , he was awarded the Condorcet prize of political philosophy. In politics, Mr. He has written 30 books dealing with economics and finance, some also tackling moral and political issues. Finn has spent most of his professional life - 37 years - at the Institute of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway. He has broad interests in psychology and has been teaching and publishing in cognitive, social, personality and clinical psychology. While well known for his contageous enthusiasm when teaching he was eager for a change and took an early retirement from his position as professor of psychology from January URY William L.
Ury, trained as a Social Anthropologist, with a B. William L. He is an anthropologist, who earned his Ph. He has edited numerous books, including recently, Transcending State Boundaries That early experience led to my interest in the workings of the mind and in traumatology. I have worked as a psychiatrist and psychotherapist for 35 years, and as a liaison psychiatrist in the emergency department of major hospitals for 20 years. I was among the first traumatologists in Australia and cofounded the Australasian Society for Traumatic Stress Studies of which I am a past president.
I am also founder and past president of the Child Survivors of the Holocaust group in Melbourne, Australia. As a philosopher he seeks his working tools in hermeneutics, phenomenology and pragmatism. Utalising these tools he tries to understand several research topics, such as mind-body, nature-culture and self-other. In these domains he tries to overcome the well-known hierarchically developed dualisms. Among his philosophical heroes are Richard Rorty, for whom the avoidance of cruelty and humiliation is a primordial task.
Hans-Georg Gadamer, whose hermeneutics can be seen as a respectful understanding of the Other, and Charles Taylor, for whom the presumption of equal dignity and reciprocal recognition are leading terms in his thinking about our intercultural society. Jeff Victoroff studied the Great Books at St. He trained at Harvard in Neurology and Psychiatry and is board certified in both.
A distinguished theologian, he has published numerous works in various scholarly forums. His contributions extend beyond academics: from , he played a central role in South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, where he acted as national research director. Villa-Vicencio has used his insight and expertise to advise numerous countries dealing with the challenges of rebuilding their societies after periods of internal strife, including Peru and various African nations.
Volpe, Ph. An internationally known scholar, Dr. She is a specialist in human rights and international affairs. She is author of Human Rights and Reform: Changing the Face of North African Politics , and she has recently published a series of articles on the historical origins of international human rights instruments and the political processes that produced them.
This work calls attention to the contribution of small states to the development of human rights law. Kaethe Weingarten is a clinical psychologist, peace psychologist and family therapist who is an Associate Clinical Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, where she has had an appointment since She is the founder and director of the Witnessing Project , which helps individuals, families and communities turn the passive witnessing of violence into effective compassionate action.
She serves on various committees, e. Swing, and peace educator Michael N. He is also a trained mediator and is a member of the advisory board of the Toda Institute for Peace, Policy and Global Research. Her degrees include, A. She joined the Gerontological Society of America in and was elected a fellow of the Gerontological Society of America in Richard J.